chapter  9
11 Pages

Sociopsychological Aspects of the Polish Crisis

WithJanusz Reykowski

Data collected by sociologists show that the process of pushing huge groups up the social ladder continued throughout the initial decades of socialistic rule in Poland. However, contrary to the claims of some critics, the degree of inequality in Poland is much lower than it had been and lowers than that in many other countries, mainly in the wealthiest ones. Power in Poland was taken over by revolutionary means and it was assumed that it was legitimized by being used for the benefit of the working class. The changes taking place during the forty years of socialist rule in Poland encouraged educational advancement, but that was not accompanied by development of the principle of participation. Polish society has to find new principles, ones corresponding to the new social needs and the new circumstances under which a socialist state has to function.