Betond Civil Rights
Opportunities for advanced education and academic careers for blacks abound. Major universities throughout the country are constantly searching for qualified black candidates to hire as professors, or admit to study. The use of racial quotas, deriving from the civil rights approach to problems of racial differences in performance, can have subtle effects on the way in which black people think about themselves. Indeed, there is reason to be concerned that the tendency to perceive every instance of differential performance between racial groups as remediable by some affirmative action-like treatment may, if successfully continued, destroy the possbility of attaining “real” equality of status for black Americans. Almost all institutions of higher learning admit blacks with lower grades or test scores than white students. There are special programs funded by private foundations to help blacks prepare for advanced study in medicine, economics, engineering, public policy, law and other fields.