The Concept of the Three Ketarim: Their Place in Jewish Political Thought and Implications for Studying Jewish Constitutional History
Jewish political traditions, it has been argued, constitute an integral facet of Jewish civilization in its entirety. They reflect a constant—albeit often implicit—understanding that the validity of Jewish teaching can best find expression in a political setting. They also embody Judaism’s commitment to the establishment of the perfect polity. As implemented through the process of covenant (brit), and as buttressed by the attribute of loving-kindness (hesed), political traditions in effect comprise the vehicles whereby the Congregation of Israel attempts to transpose the kingdom of heaven (malkhut shamayim—“the good commonwealth”) to earth.