On Neuroses in Man and Animals50
The article “On Neuroses in Man and Animals” was translated from the text published in the second edition of I. P. Pavlov’s Complete Works. It is a review of the article “The Somatic Basis of the Neurosis” by the well-known Viennese psychiatrist Schilder who later lived in the USA. In the review, Pavlov criticises Schilder for denying the importance physiological studies of neuroses in animals have for understanding neuroses in man. Schilder held that clinical observations of the “mental mechanism” should help to understand the data of experimental studies of higher nervous activity in animals. Pavlov’s very interesting statements in the chapter concerning the methods of studying neuroses in man also deserve attention.