Dumping at Sea
Regulations for ocean dumping can be found in the Geneva Convention on the High Seas of 29 April 1958. Within the framework of the European Communities and the Third United Nations Conference on the Law of the Sea, attempts are being made to come to a further improvement and harmonisation of the protection of the marine environment. The territorial sea is subject to the territorial sovereignty of the State. The contiguous, exclusive economic, fishery and security zones are not subject to territorial sovereignty, but are part of the high seas. The State can also be held responsible when dumping is authorised by a permit, the granting of which is contrary to the terms of the Oslo Convention. The Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping of Wastes and Other Matter was signed in London on 29 December 1972, about ten months after the Oslo Convention.