International Competitions after the Second World War (1948–1975) and the International Union of Architects
The first decades in the life of the International Union of Architects (UIA) were marked by post-war reconstruction and economic growth in Europe, decolonisation in Africa and Asia, and the Cold War. European architects, the founders of the UIA, could have defied competition practice because of its links to the eclectic styles of the end of the 19th century, and the monumental architecture promoted by German and Italian dictators. In its attempt to establish competition rules, the UIA initially focused on the regulation and protection of the profession of independent architects in order to establish trust between the different parties, as the international competition for the Palace of Addis Ababa in 1950 shows. The UIA gradually engendered in the architects more confidence in themselves and trust in the procedures by encouraging them to apply to international competitions. The UIA is a not-for-profit organisation, founded in Lausanne in 1948 by Sir Patrick Abercrombie, Auguste Perret, Helena Syrkus, Jean Tschumi and others.