GIS Spatial Distribution of Industrial Hazardous Wastes
Wastes are generated from various economic activities, in the form of solid, paste, or liquid phases, from industrial, medical, agricultural, construction activities, and municipal waste. Gas emissions are managed with a different classification system and are thus not included within wastes. Hazardous wastes (HWs) are usually defined by the national and international legislations as a fraction of wastes that pose hazardous characteristics (HCs) and create threats to human health and environment 166(Al-Jabari, 2014a). Industrial hazardous wastes (IHWs) compose a fraction of HWs. With the rapidity of industrialization, the collection, treatment, recycling, and disposal of IHWs become a severe problem to both resource management and to environmental protection (Li et al., 2018).