Tropical Tree Planting and Forest Communities
This chapter analyses the local community’s perspective on community involvement in tree planting. It considers five indicators of sustainable livelihood: natural, social, human, physical, and economic capital. Planting tropical trees is seen as providing an alternative income for local communities while they are waiting for their crop harvesting season to begin. The involvement in forest management includes participation in discussion, tropical tree planting, meetings, and other activities related to forest management. The households in Deramakot Forest Reserve stated that they contributed a significant amount of raw materials for tropical tree planting. Meanwhile, the households in Mangkuwagu and Tamparuli Forest Reserves showed somewhat low contributions of raw materials. Community involvement in tree planting has been introduced in many developing countries, including Sabah, Malaysia. For natural capital, indicators such as farm holding, the size of the farm, collection of forest products, involvement in agroforestry, and the distance to the forest area were determined.