Refugees and migration
Refugees and migrants can result from international conflicts, such as the millions affected by the wars in Syria and the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), and such human displacement can also give rise to conflict, as evidenced in the European reaction to refugees or the destabilizing effect of displaced populations in neighboring countries. At the same time, migration is as much about humanity’s search for a better life as it is about power relations, identity politics, and indifference. This chapter engages with the potential and limitations of the UN Refugee Agency’s Three Durable Solutions for Refugees: voluntary repatriation, local integration, and resettlement. It explores the politics of migration from the perspectives of human needs, human rights, and security, illustrating the dilemmas involved in policy making around migrants and refugees using examples from Myanmar and Rwanda among others.