This conclusion presents some closing thoughts on the concepts covered in the preceding chapters of this book. The book provides a general algorithm for attacking evolutionary questions, starting with the generation of hypotheses derived from studies of extant hunter-gatherers that can then be tested against archaeological remains. It argues that the largely non-functional differences in both the finished product and the specific procedures for realizing it would have resulted from normative standards in gestural procedures. The book suggests that the connection is a natural one given the deep evolutionary roots of ritualized behavior for unambiguous intention-signally. It examines resource surpluses became available, sociopathic personality types used “secret” rituals to expand their influence over the community and promote their self-interest. The book proposes that language cannot be understood without considering culture. It discusses the mental prerequisites: auto-cuing, the conscious recall-rehearsal loop, and self-monitoring.