Selecting for Cockpit Crew
The German Aerospace Center (DLR) has been realizing selection of cockpit personnel since 1955. The DLR Aviation and Space Psychology unit is one of the leading competence centers in the selection of operational aviation personnel, examining between 5,000 and 13,000 cases per year. Target-oriented selection of prospective cockpit personnel is the first important premise in meeting the safety criteria of airlines and aviation authorities while ensuring that successful candidates fit well into the organization’s culture. DLR’s department of Aviation and Space Psychology had elaborated an interactive domain in 1994 with contemporary factors drawing on crew resource management processes. A job analysis involving 141 airline pilots representing different cockpit roles and aircraft types was conducted in 1997 by DLR with this extended Fleishman Job Analysis Survey. The non-technical skills system was co-developed by DLR and consists of the four categories cooperation, leadership and managerial skills, situation awareness and decision making.