This introduction presents an overview of the key concepts discussed in the subsequent chapters of this book. The book highlights the importance of the margins and the marginalised and also provided discourse on some of the frame conditions that create the two phenomena such as: age, religious beliefs, sexuality, race/ethnicity, socio-economic status, disability, refugee/migrant status and geographic location. It aims to justify the importance of studying the margins and marginalisation in the context of events. The book argues that gentrification can occur within ticket sales and thus marginalise those who are unable to attend as a result of their socio-economic status. It describes much about how local events and their deeply embedded culture and habitus foster community building through storytelling, social commentary and the exchange of ideas. The book assesses the potential of the European Capital of Culture to integrate refugees in Matera, Italy.