The global anti-corruption framework
This chapter outlines the sources of the current global anti-corruption framework and their limits. It illustrates the shortcomings of negative anti-corruption measures, and analyses positive measures. National and international anti-corruption laws and agencies are not yet integrated into a proper global system. Some distinctive common features concerning both the sources and the contents of such laws and agencies allow us to define them as a global anti-corruption framework. To cope with the transnationality of corrupt practices, the global anti-corruption framework largely relies on the mechanisms of harmonisation and cooperation. The contents of the global anti-corruption framework can be divided into negative and positive measures. The global anti-corruption framework suffers from the same paradox of any other international regulation against global crime: despite the causes and forms of manifestation of such crime depend on global developments, there are no truly global institutions capable of controlling them. The chapter also presents an overview of the key concepts discussed in this book.