The fight against corruption in the Italian legal system between repression and prevention
The anti-corruption system in Italy is the result of a sequence of recent reforms. The most significant is certainly represented by Law No. 190 of 6 November 2012, which redefined the offences provided under the Italian Criminal Code and outlined an integrated system to fight corruption, in which administrative prevention tools support the traditional model of criminal punishment. The pivotal new feature of the reform is the establishment of the Italian Anti-Corruption Authority (ANAC), an independent administrative authority tasked with preventing corruption at a centralised state level, and providing for national anti-corruption plans. ANAC’s supervisory functions for corruption prevention purposes were further strengthened through Law Decree No. 90/2014, converted into Law No. 114/2014. On a preventive level, the 2015 reform was limited to increasing ANAC’s investigation powers and improving information flows between ANAC and criminal judicial authorities.