The ambivalence of the immanent
Within broad and comprehensive understanding of human security as promoted by UN, this chapter argues that religion is as relevant as any other element of human security/insecurity. It takes up this particular task through lens of HIV and AIDS pandemic. As the author argues, pandemic has influenced changes in landscape of human security, as international actors have called for broadening of human security to include health and other domains of life. The chapter draws on ethnographic insights to reflect on human security in its entanglement with religion and secularism. It offers empirical reflections on human security in its intersections with religion and secularism, in particular in how this becomes manifest in encounter of different and diverging understandings of and approaches to realizing human security among Christian development organizations. Focusing on problems that are to some extent irrelevant in the context of geopolitics, the chapter demonstrates how subtle notions of ambivalence, of good religion and bad religion, shape relations across cultures.