Introduction to Multicomponent School-Based Physical Activity Programs
Schools are increasingly being asked to do more to help with the cognitive, physical, social, and emotional development of children. In fact, the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has developed the Whole School, Whole Community, Whole Child Model centered around ten components. Researchers continue to find that physical activity can be added to school curriculum without negative academic consequences and actually improve academic performance. In the United States, the CDC developed a stand-alone physical activity model called a Comprehensive School Physical Activity Program (CSPAP). A CSPAP is a multicomponent school physical activity model designed to ensure that youth have access to 60 minutes of physical activity opportunities each day. Multicomponent school-based programming has many names and is a priority in numerous countries. Ireland, Poland, and Finland are just a few examples of nationally recognized multicomponent programs.