Cognitive and Academic Benefits of Physical Activity for School-Age Children
The surgency in scientific evidence provides a new direction for advocates of physical activity to educate administrative representatives regarding the necessity of physical activity opportunities as a significant factor for a healthy developing mind and should be a priority when intended educational goals are to improve academic achievement in developing youth. This chapter deals with future directions with a particular focus on mechanisms that may better inform the design and application of physical activity interventions in school-age children. Cognitive function can be assessed using a variety of techniques including paper- and pencil-based tests, neuropsychological testing, and computerized testing methods. Cognitive functions are largely divided into different domains that capture both the type of process and the brain areas and circuits that control cognitive functions. Young children appear to demonstrate a more unitary operation of cognitive control during early maturation and reveal functionally distinct processes with age.