Spillover effect of urban regeneration on pedestrian accessibility and walkability
The paper wants to explain some of the first results of a work that aims to show which are the urban transformations effects on pedestrian accessibility and walkability. Particularly, the work aims in defining a methodology suitable to measure the spillover effect of urban regeneration on urban spaces and city users.
According to the 11th Sustainable Development Goal, given by United Nations with the Agenda 2030 for the Sustainable Development, who asks cities and human settlements to become safe, inclusive resilient and sustainable, the methodology aims to give a tool that can help in monitoring if changes of the structural shape of cities are going into the direction drew by the Agenda.
The developed methodology is subdivided into three steps: quantification, assessment and monitoring. The first one starts with the deliberations analysis from which it was possible to define the process behind every urban transformation. In the second step each transformation has been mapped, with a linked database, containing the data recorded, such as the intervention type, the cost or the year in which the building site started. The third phase is the monitoring and it let to assess the effects of these transformations in time.
The case study of the work is the process of diffuse urban regeneration that occurred in Brescia between 2013 and 2018. In this period plenty of urban operations have been done. Some of these operations are still happening now and they are deeply changing districts shape.
Attention was given to the analysis of pedestrian and cycle paths. Particularly, it is important to observe how they contribute in creating a network of clean mobility inside and between districts promoting and enhancing a sustainable and inclusive lifestyle, as it is suggested by the United Nations.