Strategies able to improve the level of safety and protection from seismic and hydro-geo-morphological risks
The aim of this paper is to evaluate possible strategies to slow down the escape from fragile territories, favoring new settlement models based on interconnected urban systems, resilient and sustainable, end protected from risks.
It manifests itself with the acceleration of abandonment, in large territories, of hundreds of small widespread historical centers. To this widespread phenomenon the absence of strategies able to improve the level of safety and protection from hydro-geo-morphological and seismic risks is superimposed.
In some Italian regions, above all in Central Italy, there are new potentialities for a type of development, based on the rural dimension and a new production-settlement model: the so-called “productive landscape”.
It is not only a question of substituting damaged assets and infrastructures, but also a question of reconstructing communities, to ensure equity, access to resources and equal opportunities for disadvantaged persons. Only in this way will it be possible to reduce the community’s vulnerability to risks.
As already confirmed by positive experiences, different planning tools must be integrated, since the territory regeneration system involves a complex security, protection and maintenance system: SUM, Minimum Urban Structure to reduce urban seismic vulnerability, QSV, Strategic Valorisation Framework of Historical Centres, Civil Protection Plan, PAI, Hydrogeological Structure Plan, Seismic microzonation and thematic risk maps.