8 Pages

Factors Affecting Low Birth Weight Babies in a Hospital

WithImelda, Sri Intan Rahayuningsih, Nova Fajri, Dara Febriana, Refni Yulisa

Low Birth Weight (LBW) Babies remain a problem in the world causing illness and mortality of new-born. LBW’s causing factor often disregarded and ignored which contributing high LBW index. The purpose of this research is to identify mother and environmental factors that causing LBW. The research is descriptive correlative with the retrospective design. Research was conducted from May 14 to 29, 2018. Population in this research are mothers with LBW babies that admitted alive in NICU for the period of January 2017 until March 2018 in Banda Aceh and Aceh Besar district. Sampling technique is using total sampling with a total of 63 respondents. The data collection tool is questionnaire developed by a researcher in dichotomy scale consists of 9 items; questionnaire has passed validity and reliability testing with a value of 0,958. Data analysis result is using Chi-square that shows there is a correlation between pregnancy gap (p-value=0.001), mother as a passive smoker (p-value = 0.043) with LBW in NICU of Banda Aceh Hospital. The result suggests that healthcare worker in Banda Aceh Hospital should conduct an education class for factors that affecting Low Birth Weight in order to improve the knowledge of pregnant mothers and reduce LBW risk.