Exploring Efforts to Prevent Smoking Behavior for Adolescents: A Qualitative Study in Indonesia
There is a high number of adolescent smokers in Indonesia, where many causal factors are involved. Therefore, the intervention of smoking prevention should be developed to be more effective and culturally appropriate. This study explored the efforts and appropriate program for smoking prevention among adolescents. Three Focus Group Discussion (FGD) sets, which consisted a total of 24 junior high school students, were included in this phenomenological qualitative study. Interview was conducted in three junior high schools in Aceh Besar District. Data were analyzed, by using inductive content analysis method. The efforts to prevent smoking behaviors were grouped into three themes which include (1) health intervention (with two sub-themes: health effect of smoking and interactive media) (2) Islamic Intervention (religious practices and parental roles) (3) and coping enhancement (self-concept and refusal skills). The results suggest that smoking prevention program for Indonesian adolescents should involve health intervention, Islamic intervention and coping enhancement. It is also suggested the health professional to take more considerations on those factors that contribute to prevent smoking behavior for adolescent.