chapter  5
12 Pages

Communalism, Nehru and National Unity

WithSuneel Kumar

Jawaharlal Nehru, under whose stewardship India became united and confident of itself, relentlessly fought against disruptive communal forces. The British colonialism sowed the seeds of communalism in India for its own political ends. Communalism reached its peak in 1947 when India faced communal violence and its partition into two separate countries. Long before the partition and independence of India, Nehru had visualised the harsh realities of communalism. As communal forces continued to spread communal hatred in post-colonial India, as a secularist leader Nehru also continued to demonstrate his commitment for the establishment of a secular political system. He was opposed to the supremacy of any one community in the country. In brief, visualising unity in diversity, Nehru opposed the demand of complete uniformity in the country. For him, communal diversity was a positive feature and not a threat to national unity.