Who should be held responsible for war crimes?
Human history has been full of conflict, with wars being the most extreme and destructive form of conflict in terms of scope and consequences. The author motivation to research certain psychological aspects in the context of war stems from the need to understand situational and other factors that are in different ways related to inhumane behaviour by ordinary people in such situations. Tolerated massacre is defined as “nonselective, cruel, and often systematic mass violence conducted by members of an army or paramilitary formations during actions against helpless and unprotected civilians, which are officially tolerated”. This chapter examines the relation of nationality of the perpetrator and the victim and locus of decision-making to attitudes towards the act of perpetrator, to the trial, and to attributing guilt.