Psychopathology and resident status—comparing asylum seekers, refugees, irregular migrants, labour migrants, and residents*
This chapter describes, compares, and predicts mental health outcomes in four different migrant groups and one group of residents in Switzerland. For the assessment of mental health, a multifaceted approach considering general as well as trauma-specific markers of psychopathology was chosen. In order to overcome shortcomings of previous studies, variables such as length of stay in the receiving country or level of integration, trauma history, and potentially confounding variables such as social desirability were considered. The demographic variables assessed included age, gender, marital status, level of education, and region of origin. Social desirability did not contribute to caseness of probable post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), clinically relevant depression, or anxiety in multivariate analyses. This implies that even though migrants tended to provide more socially desirable responses than residents, their responses on mental health were not contorted by their response tendencies.