# Brick and Block Masonry - From Historical to Sustainable Masonry

DOI link for Brick and Block Masonry - From Historical to Sustainable Masonry

Brick and Block Masonry - From Historical to Sustainable Masonry book

# Brick and Block Masonry - From Historical to Sustainable Masonry

DOI link for Brick and Block Masonry - From Historical to Sustainable Masonry

Brick and Block Masonry - From Historical to Sustainable Masonry book

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**Brick and Block Masonry - From Historical to Sustainable Masonry** contains the keynote and semi-keynote lectures and all accepted regular papers presented online during the 17th International Brick and Block Masonry Conference IB2MaC (Kraków, Poland, July 5-8, 2020). Masonry is one of the oldest structures, with more than 6,000 years of history. However, it is still one of the most popular and traditional building materials, showing new and more attractive features and uses. Modern masonry, based on new and modified traditional materials and solutions, offers a higher quality of life, energy savings and more sustainable development. Hence, masonry became a more environmentally friendly building structure. Brick and Block Masonry - From Historical to Sustainable Masonry focuses on historical, current and new ideas related to masonry development, and will provide a very good platform for sharing knowledge and experiences, and for learning about new materials and technologies related to masonry structures. The book will be a valuable compendium of knowledge for researchers, representatives of industry and building management, for curators and conservators of monuments, and for students.

## TABLE OF CONTENTS

part |57 pages

Keynotes

chapter |15 pages

#### Design of masonry structures (General rules): Highlights of the new European masonry code

chapter |10 pages

#### Persian adobe heritage: Construction technology, characterisation and protection

chapter |14 pages

#### Masonry façades in Australia and challenges for engineering researchand design

chapter |16 pages

#### Recent advances of Italian recommendations and standards on structural safety of existing masonry structures

part |66 pages

Semi Key notes

chapter |13 pages

#### Validation of design tools for the prediction of mechanical behaviour of masonry arches strengthened with inorganic matrix-based composite systems

chapter |5 pages

#### Bond behaviour in lime-based textile reinforced mortars

chapter |11 pages

#### A new method for out‐of‐plane reinforcement of masonry walls using high strength steel strand

chapter |5 pages

#### Performance of TRM-to-masonry joints after exposure to elevated temperatures

part |71 pages

Analysis of masonry structures

chapter |8 pages

#### Seismic fragility and risk of Italian residential masonry heritage

chapter |8 pages

#### Stochastic finite element model error for unreinforced masonry walls subjected to one way vertical bending under out-of-plane loading

chapter |7 pages

#### Formulation and experimental validation of distributed plasticity macro-element for unreinforced masonry walls

chapter |6 pages

#### Characterization of factors determining the durability of brick masonry

chapter |6 pages

#### Peridynamic modelling of masonry structures

chapter |7 pages

#### The influence of effective flexural stiffness on slender masonry wall capacity

chapter |9 pages

#### Monte Carlo simulation of masonry walls in compression considering spatially variable material properties

chapter |9 pages

#### Second-order effects in URM walls subjected to combined vertical and lateral loading

part |30 pages

Case studies

chapter |8 pages

#### An interactive tool for historic masonry buildings stability studies

chapter |7 pages

#### Best practices for matching replacement brick to historic fired-clay brick

chapter |6 pages

#### Assessment of the stability conditions of the tower of Seddülbahir fortress in Turkey

chapter |7 pages

#### Structural analysis of a masonry church with variable cross-section dome

part |84 pages

Codes & standards

chapter |9 pages

#### Numerical modelling of two-way out-of-plane bending tests on URM walls: The influence of lateral boundary conditions

chapter |5 pages

#### Building acoustics – calculation of sound insulation in buildings with single leaf clay unit masonry

chapter |8 pages

#### Critical review of normative framework for seismic assessment of existing masonry buildings

chapter |8 pages

#### Experimental testing of unreinforced lattice masonry walls subjected to out-of-plane pressure loading

chapter |8 pages

#### Design of masonry panels subjected to fire in Europe: An overview on the new draft of EN 1996-1-2

chapter |8 pages

#### Pultruded-FRP for retrofitting purposes: Mechanical characterization

chapter |8 pages

#### Three story CM buildings with joint reinforcement: Shaking table tests

chapter |8 pages

#### Improvements in EN 1996-3 – Explanations and background information

chapter |8 pages

#### Quantifying surface deterioration: Exemplified on fired clay bricks

chapter |7 pages

#### In-plane shear resistance of thermal insulating monolithic clay unit masonry

part |84 pages

Composite materials in masonry

chapter |9 pages

#### In-plane behaviour of FRCM-strengthened masonry panels

chapter |6 pages

#### Nonlinear flexural capacity model for FRCM-strengthened masonry walls under in-plane loading

chapter |6 pages

#### Study of the effectiveness of anchorages applied to SRG strips bonded to masonry blocks

chapter |7 pages

#### Shear behavior of masonry triplets with damp proof course and thermal insulating layer

chapter |9 pages

#### Experimental characterization of PBO-FRCM composites for masonry structures retrofit

chapter |7 pages

#### Effect of FRCM on sliding shear failure of masonry

chapter |7 pages

#### Durability of steel reinforced grout composites

chapter |6 pages

#### Experimental investigation of the long-term behaviour of fabric reinforced matrix systems

chapter |9 pages

#### Environmental durability of FRCM strengthening systems and comparison with dry fabrics

chapter |9 pages

#### Experimental study of comparative efficacy of out-of-plane strengthening of masonry walls using FRP and wire/textile reinforced mortar

chapter |7 pages

#### The influence of FRCM system with a basalt mesh on the shear properties of AAC masonry walls

part |53 pages

Construction, practice, technology & earthen masonry

chapter |7 pages

#### Mortar-auxetic rendered drystack masonry walls under concentric and eccentric compression

chapter |8 pages

#### Load-bearing capacity of slender earth masonry walls under compression

chapter |7 pages

#### In-plane shear strength characteristics of masonry walls with varying mortar types and aspect ratios

chapter |7 pages

#### Shear bond strength of manufactured thin stones considering various adhesion methods

chapter |8 pages

#### Intelligence prediction system of semi-interlocking masonry panels behavior

chapter |8 pages

#### Earthen mortar in the walled city of Ahmedabad (India). Analysis of construction techniques and damages of two portion of masonry

chapter |6 pages

#### Shear-compression experimentation of full-scale wood-cement shuttering block walls

part |104 pages

Earthquake resistance & retrofitting

chapter |8 pages

#### Quantification of damage to masonry structures under seismic conditions

chapter |8 pages

#### Virtual work method for evaluation of out-of-plane load/displacement capacity of topological semi-interlocking masonry infill panel

chapter |7 pages

#### Fully automatic evaluation of local mechanisms in masonry aggregates through a NURBS-based limit analysis procedure

chapter |9 pages

#### Characterization of mortar and stone masonry quality in Amatrice historical buildings hit by the 2016 central Italy earthquake

chapter |8 pages

#### An experimental study on slender reinforced masonry shear walls subjected to in-plane reversed cyclic loading

chapter |8 pages

#### Mechanical modelling of cavity wall metal ties

chapter |9 pages

#### Flexible joints between RC frames and masonry infill for improved seismic performance – shake table tests

chapter |9 pages

#### An innovative timber system for the seismic retrofit of unreinforced brick masonry buildings

chapter |8 pages

#### Seismic performance assessment of existing stone masonry school building in Croatia using nonlinear static procedure

chapter |6 pages

#### A simple deformation-based damage index for shake table testing of historic masonry prototypes

chapter |7 pages

#### Seismic behaviour of RC frames with uncoupled masonry infills having two storeys or two bays

chapter |8 pages

#### Older clay masonry can be more earthquake-resistant than calcium-silicate masonry for light damage

chapter |7 pages

#### Change in stiffness of damaged RC frame with masonry infills connected with stiff and flexible interfaces

part |35 pages

Energy, moisture & thermal performance

chapter |8 pages

#### State of art: Evaluating thermal resistance of masonry walls

chapter |8 pages

#### Humidity consequences for the application of the contemporary repairs into historic walls

chapter |6 pages

#### The effect of high temperatures on the mechanical performance of concrete blocks made with gneiss aggregates

chapter |5 pages

#### Thermal inertia improvement and acoustic impact of walls with projecting facing bricks

chapter |6 pages

#### Critical overview of problems with existing buildings made in the “big block” technology with insulation from AAC blocks. Monitoring and repair possibilities

part |64 pages

Existing masonry - monitoring, inspection, repair & strengthening

chapter |5 pages

#### Impact of type of mortar on shear bond strength of brick masonry

chapter |6 pages

#### Assessment of brick masonry strength using tests on core samples cut from the structures

chapter |8 pages

#### In-plane capacity of beam and block floor systems: An in-field experimental study

chapter |7 pages

#### Investigation of the structural response through simple numerical models derived automatically from LiDAR scanning: The case of masonry vaults in historical buildings

chapter |7 pages

#### Making decision on repointing of clay brick facades on the basis of moisture content and water absorption tests results – a review of assessment methods

chapter |8 pages

#### Modelling of historic brickwork walls strengthened with GFRP strips

chapter |8 pages

#### Evaluation of the out-of-plane performances of masonry walls strengthened with composite reinforced mortar

chapter |6 pages

#### Pull-off characterization of FRCM composites applied to stones and bricks in on-site conditions

chapter |7 pages

#### Masonry elements reinforced with FRCM: Bond behaviour

part |32 pages

History & preservation

chapter |7 pages

#### Numerical insights on the structural assessment of typical historical masonry vaults of Cagliari

chapter |9 pages

#### The seismic performance of heritage URM buildings: A parametric study

chapter |7 pages

#### Documentation and analysis of deformations in a historic church a few years after its conservation and reinforcement

chapter |7 pages

#### Benefits of casein additives in historic mortar mixes

part |53 pages

Material modelling

chapter |7 pages

#### Masonry walls with multi-layer bed joints subjected to cyclic shear: Analytical modelling

chapter |8 pages

#### Constitutive model for the nonlinear cyclic behavior of brick masonry structures

chapter |8 pages

#### The compressive behaviour of mortar under varying stress confinement

chapter |7 pages

#### 3D micro-modelling of brick masonry under eccentric axial load using frictional and cohesive brick-mortar interaction behaviour

chapter |6 pages

#### Efficiency and accuracy of a multiscale domain activation approach for modeling masonry failure

chapter |8 pages

#### On the effect of tortuosity on the spalling prediction in masonry through a multiphase numerical model

chapter |7 pages

#### Flemish bond brickwork: Macroscopic elastic properties and nonlinear behaviour

part |29 pages

Materials & manufacturing

chapter |8 pages

#### Experimental evaluation and probabilistic analysis of the masonry veneer wall tie characteristics

chapter |7 pages

#### Durability of hemp cords exposed to alkaline environment of lime mortar

chapter |5 pages

#### Comparative creep characteristics of lime mortars and brickwork

part |41 pages

Masonry arches & bridges

chapter |8 pages

#### BIM representation and classification of masonry pathologies using semi-automatic procedure

chapter |9 pages

#### Tests on a flat arch concrete block retaining wall

chapter |8 pages

#### Analysis framework for seismic assessment of single-span masonry arch bridges

chapter |5 pages

#### Structural performance and seismic response for Chinese ancient stone arch bridge – a case study of the Putang bridge

chapter |9 pages

#### Performance of Persian open spandrel brick masonry barrel vaults under uniform and linear loads

part |61 pages

Masonry testing

chapter |6 pages

#### Shear response and failure mode of masonry triplets subjected to monotonic and cyclic loading

chapter |7 pages

#### Development of a flatjack for testing high strength masonry

chapter |6 pages

#### Experimental testing of tile vaults

chapter |6 pages

#### In-plane flexural behavior of autoclave aerated concrete confined masonry walls

chapter |8 pages

#### Experimental testing of seismic response of brick masonry walls under different boundary conditions

chapter |8 pages

#### Experimental analysis of brick masonry veneer walls under out-of-plane loading

chapter |6 pages

#### Response of brickwork wallettes of various bonding patterns under monotonic and cyclic compression

chapter |6 pages

#### Determination of Ritter constant for hollow clay prisms under compression

part |60 pages

Numerical modelling & analysis

chapter |7 pages

#### A simple homogenization approach for masonry structures: A discrete approach extension from walls to curved structures

chapter |9 pages

#### Experimental and numerical studies on the shear-sliding behavior of clay brick masonries

chapter |9 pages

#### A macro-element modelling technique to account for IP and OOP interactions in URM infilled RC or steel building

chapter |8 pages

#### A new macroelement-based strategy for modelling reinforced masonry piers

chapter |8 pages

#### Seismic fragility assessment of masonry aggregates with identical structural units in row

chapter |8 pages

#### Numerical study on the seismic out-of-plane performance of URM walls

chapter |9 pages

#### Macroelement model for nonlinear static pushover analysis of confined masonry walls with openings

part |43 pages

Partitions & infill

chapter |8 pages

#### Experimental assessment of an innovative isolation technique for the seismic downgrade of existing masonry infills

chapter |9 pages

#### Definition of out-of-plane fragility curves for masonry infills subject to combined in-plane and out-of-plane damage

chapter |8 pages

#### The in-plane and out-of-plane behaviour of masonry panels with thermo-insulating attachment

chapter |8 pages

#### The interaction between in-plane and out-of-plane seismic response of modern strong masonry infills

chapter |8 pages

#### Preliminary in-plane shear test of infills protected by PUFJ interfaces

part |39 pages

Reinforced masonry

chapter |7 pages

#### Strengthened clay brick and lightweight aggregate concrete block walls tested under eccentric axial loading – a feasibility study on different strengthening techniques

chapter |6 pages

#### Influence of horizontal reinforcement type on shear strength of hollow concrete block masonry shear walls

chapter |8 pages

#### The seismic performance of partially grouted reinforced masonry

chapter |8 pages

#### Shear strength prediction of partially-grouted concrete masonry walls with openings

part |34 pages

Seismic & limit design

chapter |9 pages

#### Local mechanism analysis in unreinforced masonry buildings according to a new procedure based on floor spectra evaluation

chapter |9 pages

#### Vertical collapse mechanisms in masonry buildings due to seismic vertical component

chapter |9 pages

#### Seismic response of an unreinforced masonry building with structural irregularity; Blind prediction by means of pushover analysis

chapter |5 pages

#### Effect of mortar-brick cohesive interface on seismic response of masonry walls

part |23 pages

Sustainability & innovation of masonry