The emergence in recent years of several new activist projects has revitalized the lesbian and gay communities. These projects include the Stop Clause 28 campaign, ACT UP and OutRage in Britain, and ACT UP and Queer Nation in the United States and Canada. One of the many positive features of this new wave of activism is the participation of lesbians. However, the anti-lesbian and gay strategies which are being targeted by this wave of activism are complex; they can work with and even amplify the differences in our communities. In the context of this differentiation, we cannot assume that the connecting work which is performed by the ‘and’ in the phrase ‘lesbian and gay’ is a straightforward matter.