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it was possible to pass from animal to man

The more daring writers, however, needed no such justification, nor was the use of great scientific hypotheses like the evolutionism of Darwin, for entirely literary ends, and after a good thirty years' interval, the sort of thing to frighten people. Did not Brunetiere, with complete candour, once make a theory of this practice 1 in certain admittedly very suggestive sentences in his book of 1890, L'Evolution de la Critique: "But if it is always well to distrust novelties. and to wait ... until they have, in the words of Malebranche, a beard on their chin, we may be certain that after the twentyfive or thirty years which have now elapsed the doctrine of evolution must have had something in it which justified its success ... And 'since we know what profit natural history in general, history, and philosophy have already derived from it, I should wish to examine whether literary history and criticism cannot utilize it in their tum."