it is good or bad. "The sterility of the ground in Attica
Miss Helen Churchill Semple, on the very threshold of her large and in teresting manual of human geography, The I njl1tenCe of Geographic Environment,l enunciates the revised and amended articles of the Ratzelian dogma, and lays down in her third paragraph the method to follow-to compare typical people of all races in all stages of civilization and in similar geographical situations. If there is a difference it is due to race. If there is agreement, it is due to environment. Thus we have two elements: the environment, too complex to be accurately defined; the man, too abstract, even if we study him within the limits of his race; the idea of race, moreover, remaining still to be determined. Were we wrong to remark on the persistence of a too elementary conception of these questions?