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short" the idea which it destined to represent".


He separates the temperate zone from the frigid and the torrid zones; he distributes the human groupings into these three zones, and notes the influence on those groupings of the physical and especially of the climatic conditions which are precisely what constitute those zones; but when he has done that, he hastens to add: "whoever considers the nature of the planets will find, it seems to me, that their position accords with the three regions I have named, giving the most distant planet, that is Saturn, to the Southern region, Jupiter to the middle one, and Mars to the northern ... "-and thus started, he distributes his planets and dedu'ces their influences (just like the anonymous compiler of the Calendrier des Bergers whom we have just quoted) and establishes the suitability of the whole to the human body, that" image of the body of the universe": this he does with assurance for more than a large folio page.1 Dreams, it may be admittedchimeras for which the age was re~ponsible; but from among them we should pick out carefully Bodin's own ideas, and his scientific, or at least reasonable, observations.2 And is that possible? Is there really such a gulf between the two kinds of statement? As far as Bodin himself is concerned, are not his astrological "dreams" directly responsible for a certain number of his" scientific" reflections, or what claim to be such? But above all, and in a more general way, is not this influence of climate, for him, a fact of the same order, and does it not work in the same fashion as the obscure, mysterious, and in part secret influence of the stars and of the Zodiac?