chapter
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rice growing which has no parallels

(and models) in the Western developed nations. Japanese agriculture has a tradition of being small-scale labour intensive; the reforms introduced after the Second World War have set upper limits on agricultural holdings to prevent a return of landlordism. But thus small plot farming was stabilised; sales

Though agricultural incomes are still far below those of other sectors of the economy, these figures do not indicate the real con­ ditions. Not only does agriculture have lower overhead costs-such as commuting and housing in cities - but family members earn often more from part-time employment than from agriculture. Yet the anomalies of tiny-scale agriculture in the face of growing labour shortage called for some fundamental measures; the government responded so far only piece-meal to those needs.