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shōgun seldom took a direct hand in government affairs, which shōgun ruled in the name of the Emperor, and the high officials ad limina visit to the shōgun every other samurai class became something sho-hatto (rules for the military houses) of samurai class, which was presented as a model for society, was

were left to high officials drawn mainly from the related han. Thus in turn ruled in the name of the shōgun. Among the high officials, jealousies and a policy of balance of power prevented any han from gaining an upper hand permanently, so the stability of the