chapter  4
22 Pages

What is Labour? Towards the Marketisation of

ByLabour Relations (1984–1991)

The second turning point in the reform period was another ‘Third Plenum,’ this time the October 1984 Third Plenum of the Twelfth CCP Congress. The comprehensive decision on the structure of Chinese economic reform adopted at this plenum changed the definition of the national economy from a ‘planned economy’ (jihua jingji) to a ‘planned commodity economy’ (you jihua de shangpin jingji).