Reassessing Ecology and Political Theory
The most important project in environmental political philosophy is the reconstruction of a positive environmental agenda which is cognisant of the various critiques of green political thought that have been articulated since the ‘first wave’ of green literature in the 1960s and 70s. The picture in political ecology is more complex, as social ecology, in particular, has not ignored the urban environment. None the less in general an urban blindspot persists even here. Andrew Light offers an argument to the effect that the anti-urban bias in environmental ethics and political ecology is counterproductive and needs to be overcome. Turning from blindspots to cases where green theory is held to be in error on the grounds of using mistaken arguments, this chapter begins with a paper on intergenerational justice. Environmental political philosophy, as it develops, is also becoming increasingly sensitised to the requirement that it must acknowledge other political values than environmental ones, particularly questions of distributive justice, democracy, and freedom.