chapter  12
17 Pages

AIDS Policies in Kenya: A Critical Perspective on Prevention

In the recent past, numerous discourses have represented Africa as a continent engulfed in an AIDS inferno, with a population on the verge of extinction. In this continent, where the dominant means of HIV transmission is unprotected heterosexual sex (Mann, 1988a; 1988b), the World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that by 1994, 10 million Africans will have acquired HIV infection, compared to an estimated 2 million in the whole of the industrialized west. By the year 2000, up to 750 000 cases of AIDS may be occurring on the continent annually. Such figures leave little room for optimism, and far from being helpful to people in Africa, only foster a sense of hopelessness.