School and Classroom Organization in the Periphery: The Assets of Multigrade Teaching
INTRODUCTION Effective education in any country depends on able teachers and school conditions which facilitate learning. Unfortunately, peripheral areas are usually hard-pressed to find able teachers (see chapter 6), and their schools frequently lack even the most basic of organizational features and resources. One organizational feature most teachers have come to expect is a self-contained single-grade classroom. But in many peripheral areas, school population is not large enough to justify one teacher per grade. In these areas teachers must manage two, three, or even all grades at the same time. Multigrade teaching, sometimes considered a relic of the past, is, in fact, still widely used throughout the world in both agrarian and industrialized countries.