Frederick Douglass was one of the best known in America. As a former slave who became an abolitionist stalwart, Douglass was also known for his close involvement with other reform causes, principally woman suffrage and temperance. The Civil War presented an opportunity to change that and found Douglass at the apogee of his activism and influence. Frederick Douglass was born into slavery on Holme Hill Farm in Talbot County, about twelve miles east of Easton, on Marylands Eastern Shore. In late 1826 Frederick Baileys world changed. His absent mother died and Aaron Anthony retired. All the Anthony slaves except Frederick were sent back to the Tuckahoe farms. Douglass emerged as a public man in 1841 after attending a Massachusetts Anti-Slavery Society Convention in Nantucket. Douglass returned to the United States in April 1847 a truly free man and an international celebrity. By the time the Civil War began, Douglass spoke with the moral authority of an authentic African-American leader.