Joseph Emerson Brown became, in the eyes of Confederate President Jefferson Davis and his allies, the supreme states rights villain sabotaged the governments war effort. Joseph Emerson Brown came into the world in the dirt-poor hill country of Long Creek in Pickens District, South Carolina, on April 15, 1821. Browns actions in politics showed that he had ambitions even for higher office. As a loyal national Democrat he endorsed the temporizing activities of President James Buchanan and wrote him that he supported him for reelection. General William T. Sherman began the Atlanta campaign at the beginning of 1864, Brown proclaimed all of Georgias resources would be devoted to self-defense through self-government. Jefferson Daviss works, in 1910 George Cary Eggleston saw Browns defense of states rights as destructive for the Confederacy. Brown then urged Georgians to join in signing an oath of allegiance to the Union. In 1973, Derrell C. Roberts simply called Browns Reconstruction policies crooked.