Africa's contribution to global greenhouse gas emissions is relatively small. Its share will grow, however, as poverty is eradicated by social and economic development. Also, all countries must cooperate and participate in carbon conservation strategies if the world is to avoid the possible adverse effects of climate change. The extent and magnitude of these effects on natural ecosystems are uncertain. But ecologically sensitive zones in Africa are among the world's most vulnerable areas. The population of Africa is relatively vulnerable to damages wrought by climate change due to its high dependence on natural systems for daily survival. Hence, African countries should participate actively in identifying potential for greenhouse gas abatement.