11 The Dynamics of Population in Yugoslavia
The population of Yugoslavia has undergone great changes in the postwar period both with respect to the components of population movement and in its structures. A decline in fertility and mortality, great spatial and socio-occupational mobility, and substantial shifts in age, socioeconomic, occupational, and other structures have been the primary features of its development. Throughout the period following World War 2, the natural increase in the population of Yugoslavia has had a downward trend. In regions with a young age structure, this decline has been lower than the drop in the birth rate because of a substantial downtrend in general mortality. The concept of family planning adopted also entails provision of health, social welfare, other services for the mother and child, and medical assistance for married couples and individuals who are unable to have children. Population migrations in Yugoslavia have produced great changes in the regional distribution of the population.