Providing Services to Service Providers: Local Government Training Issues in Constrained Budgetary Times
This chapter discusses the way that local government administrators view training needs and the budgetary concerns associated with those needs. Ronald Reagan’s “New Federalism” had a profound impact on the ability of local governments to deliver public services efficiently and effectively. The role of local governments as providers of public services has changed since the 1930s. At that time, the collapse of many local governments led to the “era of nationalization” in which the federal government grew in size and influence. The opinions of public administrators responsible for providing public services have been tapped for many reasons. Public administration is frequently concerned with providing adequate services while keeping government expenditures down. Budgetary constraints, environmental issues, changing financial structures, and technological advances all influence a local government’s ability to serve its constituency. Training is often made available to local governments though university-based institutes. American universities are modeled on three general obligations: teaching, research, and public service.