Government Reorganization: A Theoretical Analysis
This chapter investigates several alternative families of models for understanding reorganization. It evaluates each according to its theoretical claims and utility. The three families of models are purposive models from economics and political science, environmental models largely from organizational sociology, and institutional approaches. The analysis favors the institutional approach, but points to the need for an enhanced understanding of change processes within public administration. Reorganization and reform are among the most common of governmental activities, but often are undertaken without adequate theoretical or practical guidance. The reform and reorganization of their administrative structures are among the most common activities of contemporary governments. Indeed, governments have invested a great deal of time and energy in reform efforts for as long as there have been governments. The economic changes of the Depression created a huge variety of new or changed government organizations.