When (and why) is a ghetto not a “ghetto”?
Concentrating and segregating Jews in Budapest, 1944
ByTim Cole
Pages 17

This chapter highlights the series of ghettos imagined and implemented in Budapest between April and June 1944. It discusses the importance of non-Jewish neighbors into the story of ghettos that has tended to be approached solely from the perspective of the dominant Holocaust binary of perpetrators and victims. The chapter explore lived experiences of dispersed ghettoization in Budapest during the summer and fall of 1944, drawing on collaborative interdisciplinary research undertaken with geographers and geographical information scientists. It examines the later period, in November 1944, when new ghettos were established in the city, arguing that this amounted to the implementation not only of "hyphenated ghettoization," or different ghettos for different categories of Jews, but also what can be seen as a form of "hypersegregation" in the wartime Hungarian capital. The chapter seeks to understand the multiple forms that the ghetto assumed across time and space.