This chapter begins with a general overview of Xinjiang dayizhi projects, examining 12 cases, and summarizing the changes brought by the 11th and 12th Five Year Plans. It focuses on some special cases, debating whether local measures were appropriate for heritage conservation or use. In terms of the physical condition of its heritage, Xinjiang shares a lot in common with other archaeological sites in China. Gaochang addresses important questions between preservation and elements of social and economic involvement by local communities. The region has a semi-arid desert climate, meaning great seasonal differences in temperature and cold winters. The local administration is faced with the challenge of managing cultural heritage in an extensive desert. In order to complete the aforementioned aim, in June 2005, Xinjiang Province launched a project working group to coordinate different sectors and projects, and for the overall decision-making process. The ruin of the West Buddhist Temple is located west of Beiting ancient city.