chapter  19
11 Pages

Brexit and European Defence

Why more defence does not equal more integration
ByMikkel Vedby Rasmussen

Defence has been made a priority issue in Brussels in response to Brexit. From an integration perspective, the initiatives on defence seem to confirm the notion that crisis can be an impetus for further integration. Brexit takes place at a time when terror, migration and Russian challenge some of the assumptions that have underwritten European security and defence policy since the end of the Cold War. The current procurement of new platforms – from aircraft carriers to drones – reflects that European governments have come to a point where Cold War materiel is finally completely replaced by the platforms and technologies of a new era. The realisation of the post-Brexit defence agenda is heavily dependent on integration between the European Union (EU) and North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). As defence cooperation moves beyond integration rhetoric, it confirms the renationalisation of defence that has characterised security and defence in Europe for a number of years.