chapter  4
Harmonizing Ethnic Claims in Africa: A Proposal for Ethnic-based Federalism
ByMwangi S. Kimenyi
Pages 24

Most African states are unitary with political power vested in the central government. Laws and decisions concerning the public sector are enacted and enforced by the central government.1 Authority is delegated to junior officials who implement policies with rigid guidelines. Provincial and district levels of government serve administrative roles but do not make laws, collect taxes, or make spending decisions.2 Strictly speaking, political power is centrally concentrated with heads of state holding power over all public policies affecting the polity. In most African states, no constitutional limitations constrain the central authority in its exercise of power over public activities at all levels.