chapter  8
Ecuador’s Strategic Policies Toward Indigenous Communities in Sensitive Border Areas
ByWilliam T. Vickers
Pages 18

On October 26, 1998, Peru and Ecuador signed a historic peace accord in Brasilia which hopefully will end the longest-running territorial conflict in Latin America. For over 150 years, Ecuadorian-Peruvian relations have been characterized by mutual suspicion, diplomatic disputes, and periodic skirmishes along their contested borders. In 1828-1829, 1904, 1941, 1981, and 1995, the fighting was of sufficient scope and intensity to be classified as ‘war,’ even though neither nation made formal declarations of war against the other.