Turkey and the Arab World in the New Millennium
The 21st Century presents multiple and particularly difficult challenges for Turkey’s foreign policy toward the Arab World, a situation largely resulting from the sudden terrorist attacks against New York and Washington, D.C. on 11 September 2001. This chapter examines the overall pattern of Turkish-Arab relations that prevailed for most of the period following the establishment of the modern Turkish state, and looks at the major alterations that marked the 1990s. ‘Peace at home, peace in the World’ was Ataturk’s crisp encapsulation of the Turkish Republic’s fundamental goal. The Jordanian Hashemite dynasty’s convoluted history of survival in the sometimes dangerous thicket of inter-Arab politics helps explain its overall positive perception of Turkey as a regional actor. The Turco-Israeli military cooperation was achieved with little disruption of Turkey’s relations with Arab states. By the end of the 1990s, Turkey was clearly more actively involved in the regional affairs of the Middle East than at any time since the Republic’s establishment.