This conclusion presents some closing thoughts on the key concepts covered in the preceding chapters of this book. The book establishes empirically whether mainstream parties offered a choice on the immigration 'issue'. Or were voters left with only one alternative, namely the populist radical right (PRR) one, should they wish for a reduction in the number of migrants and a more assimilation-type approach to integration. The book shows how the lack of attention that mainstream parties paid to the immigration issue, in combination with some rather fundamental changes within Finns Party (PS) and the Sweden Democrats (SD), took the mainstream by surprise, thereby facilitating the PRR's success. Given the propensity of media and public discourse to conflate types of migrants into one nebulous category, it therefore seems plausible that any differentiation that the mainstream makes will be irrelevant when the electorate assesses and evaluates all the available options.