The ‘New’ Functionalism and Architectural Theory
This chapter suggests a type of integration, but it is not the one that Amos Rapoport advocates. It focuses on the full consideration of functionalism in architecture. The New Factionalism in architectural thinking represents an ideological position, that attempts to broaden the definition of function by stating that all the purposes that a building serves should be regarded as functions. The chapter draws on three distinct branches of ecological research: ecological psychology and ecological optics on the humanist psychology of Abraham Maslow and on the work on environmental meanings of Rapoport. It provides one synthetic framework for ordering our knowledge of the built environment and human behavior within a cultural framework of which the social order is an important component. The manner in which we perceive and cognize the world around us is the basis of environmental experience. Perception is multi-modal and the role of movement is fundamental to the experiencing of the world around us.