This conclusion presents some closing thoughts on the key concepts discussed in the preceding chapters of this book. The book highlights both the dynamism and the fundamentally uneven character of conservation and development processes in uganda. It explores legacies of varying approaches to conservation and development at bwindi impenetrable national park, mount elgon national park, and budongo central forest reserve. The book explains the protected areas that appeared as legal, neatly gazetted, and fully documented from the vantage of the state have thus often been unevenly territorialised on the ground. It discusses the attempts to pilot many related 'community-based' conservation and benefit sharing schemes at bwindi impenetrable national park in particular have arguably led to the park's emergence as something of a 'celebrity site' in international conservation and development discourses. The distinction between 'scientific' and 'traditional' or indigenous ecological knowledge can sometimes be in danger of overstatement.